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What is the text about: arti dan cara menentukan topik utama dalam teks

‘What is the text about?’ Mungkin kamu sering mendapati pertanyaan seperti itu dalam berbagai kesempatan, salah satunya di soal bahasa Inggris. Ya, ‘What is the text about?’ merupakan pertanyaan umum yang biasa diajukan dalam berbagai tes ataupun ujian. Biasanya, kalimat pertanyaan tersebut diiringi oleh soal cerita.

‘What’s the text about?’ sendiri berarti ‘Apa inti/topik utama dari teks tersebut?” Nah artinya, kamu harus mengetahui secara pasti apa sih topik atau gagasan utama dari yang kamu baca.

Muslima Fest

Topik merupakan subjek pembicaraan secara umum dari sebuah teks. Topik bukan berupa kalimat, melainkan berupa kata atau frasa. Misalnya, topik dalam teks pidat Presiden adalah mengenai ‘politik’, ‘kemajuan Indonesia’, ataupu ‘ekonomi kreatif’. Lantas, bagaimana sih cara kita menemukan topik dalam sebuah teks?

Pertama, kamu bisa mencari kata kunci yang paling sering diulang-ulang. Biasanya, topik sudah disebutkan dalam awal baris. Tapi jangan sampai terkecoh. Topik utama bisa saja terletak di tengah atau di akhir kalimat. Oleh karena itu, kamu perlu membaca secara teliti.

Kemudian, coba pikirkan apa sih isi teks tersebut secara keseluruhan? Kalau kamu sudah berhasil menjawabnya, berarti kamu sudah menemukan topik utama dalam teks.

Ilustrasi bahasa Inggris. Foto: Unsplash/
Ilustrasi bahasa Inggris. Foto: Unsplash/patrick-tomasso

Contoh soal dan jawaban

Berikut ini merupakan contoh soal bahasa Inggris beserta jawabannya.

My Name is Marjuki. My friends often call me Juki. My parents come from Jakarta, so I am a Betawi. Next week, I am going to perform palang pintu at a wedding ceremony. I like to do this because it makes me happy and I make many new friends.

Palang Pintu has been part of Betawi culture since a long time ago. During the ceremony, the groom’s fighter has to beat the bride’s fighter before he goes into the bride’s house to marry her. Both fighters (jawara silat) represent the bride and the groom. They will fight each other at the wedding. If the groom’s fighter wins, the groom will be allowed to see the bride and marry her. This fighting is, of course, fictitious and the groom’s fighter will always win at the end.

  1. What is the text about?
    a. Marjuki’s introduction
    b. Palang pintu as Betawi culture
    c. Wedding ceremony
    d. Jawara silat

Jawaban: B

Ilustrasi bahasa Inggris. Foto: Unsplash/
Ilustrasi bahasa Inggris. Foto: Unsplash/lewis-keegan

My name is Tania. I live in a small house. It has six rooms. There are three bedrooms, a bathroom, and a kitchen. Indeed, it is a small house, but I like living in here for wasting my spare time. When the door is open, I can see the living room. It is so small with only three chairs and a table. I prefer reading a novel in this room. My bedroom is in the left side of the living room. In this room, there is a night table lamp next to the bed, a television, a radio and a computer. When being bored of reading, I usually play online games, chat with my friends via Facebook.

Next to my bedroom is my mother’s room. In the right side of the living room is a kitchen. In the kitchen, I have everything I need when I get hungry. It is very pleasure when my mother cooks. The smell fills my whole house. I love my house very much.

  1. What is the text about?
    A. Tania’s house
    B. Tania’s room
    C. Tania’s bedroom
    D. Tania

Jawaban: A

Once upon a time in west java, lived a writer king who had a beautiful daughter.  Her name was Dayang Sumbi.  She liked weaving very much.  Once she was weaving a cloth when one of her tools fell to the ground.  She was very tired, at the same time she was too lazy to take it.  Then she just shouted out loudly.
Anybody there! Bring me my tool.  I will give you special present.  If you are female.  I will consider you as my sister if you are male, I will marry you sunddenly a male dog, its name was Tumang came.  He brought her the falling tool.  Dayang Sumbi was very surprised.  She regretted her words but she could not deny it.  So she had marry Tumang and leave her father.  Then they lived in a small village.  Several months later they had a son.  His name was Sangkuriang.  He was a handsome and healthy boy.
Sangkuriang liked hunting very much, especially deer.  He often hunted to the wood usying his arrow.  When he went hunting , Tumang was always with him.
One day Dayang Sumbi wanted to have deer’s  heart so she asked Sangkuriang to hunt for a deer.  Then Sangkuriang when to the wood with his arrow and his faithful dog.  Tumang, but afher several days in the wood Sangkuriang could not find any deer.  Then where all disappeared.  Sangkuriang was exhausted and desperate.  He did not want to disappoint her mother so he killed Tumang.  He did not know that Tumang was his father.  Tumang’s  heart to her mother.  But Dayang Sumbi knew that it was Tumang’s heart.  She was so angry that she could not control her emotion.  She hit Sangkuriang at his head Sangkuriang was wounded.  There was a scar in his head.  She also repelled her son.  Sangkuriang left her mother in sadness.
Many years passed and Sangkuriang became a strong young man.  He wandered everywhere.  One day he arrived.  at his own village but he did not realize it.  There he met Dayang Sumbi.  At the time Dayang Sumbi was given an eternal beauty by God so she stayed young forever.  Both of them did know each other.  So they fall in love and then they decided to marry.  But then Dayang Sumbi recognized a scar on Sangkuriang’s head.  She knew that Sangkuriang was his son.  It was impossible for them to marry.  She told him but he did not beliave her.  He wished that they marry soon.  So Dayang Sumbi gave very difficult condition.  She asked Sangkuriang  to build a lake and a boat in one night! She said she needed that for honeymoon.
Sangkuriang agreed.  With the help of genie and spiritis, Sangkuriang tired to build them.  By midnight he had completed the lake by building a dam in Citarum river.  Then he started making the boat.  It was almost dawn when he almost finished it.  Meanwhile Dayang Sumbi kept watching on him.  She was very worried when she knew this.  So she made lights in the east.  Then the spiritis thought that was already dawn.  It was time for them to leave.  They left Sangkuriang alone.  Without their help he could not finish the boat.
Sangkuriang was angry.  He kicked the boat.  Then the boat turned upside down.  It, leter, became Mounth Tangkuban Perahu.  Which means an upside-down boat.  From a distant the mount really looks like an upside down boat.

3. What is the text about?
a. A wrath son
b. West java’s tales
c. Tumang a Dog husband
d. The legend of Tangkuban Perahu
e. Dayang Sumbi’s rejection to marry Sangkuriang

Jawaban: D

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